The Violin (a chordophone) is a bowed string instrument. It has four strings of different thicknesses, tuned in fifths (Do, Sol, Re, La), and its musical range includes 44 chromatic tones. Early versions of the violin most probably appeared during the 16th century, and evolved from the medieval Fiddle, the Italian Lira Da Braccio, and the Rebec. The violin acquired most of its contemporary characteristics in Italy, where major families of Violin makers, such as the Amati, Guarneri and Stradivarius, created musical instruments with wonderful acoustics.
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